Know if you are Overweight or Obese
Do you know the difference between being overweight and obese? Are you just a bit over your healthy weight or are you approaching obesity rapidly?
“Overweight” is a condition wherein a person’s weight is 10%-20% higher than “normal” as defined by a standard weight/weight chart, or as a body mass index (BMI) of 25-30.
While obesity is a condition wherein a person’s weight is 20% or more above normal weight or as a BMI of 30 or more. If a person is 50%-100% over normal weight, more than 100 pounds over normal weight we call it “Morbid obesity”.
Approximately 60 million Americans are obese. Nearly a third of all adults and one in five adolescents suffer from obesity. The situation was so bad in 2008 that only one state (Colorado) had an obesity rate less than 20%
What is the difference between overweight and obese ?
Overweight or obese are both bad in the long run. They are merely words to describe a person’s weight that we usually consider healthy for a given height. Obesity has a direct impact on your lifestyle and how you feel. Both emotionally and physically. It affects your emotional health by lowering your self esteem. It causes depression, makes you feel uncomfortable and also lowers your overall quality of life.
Obesity is spreading like an epidemic. It is the number one health risk facing America. It takes an estimated 4,00,000 lives per year in the United States. Costing the economy a whooping $122.9 billion each year. It increases the risk for serious medical conditions . Also causes diseases like diabetes, heart diseases, hypertension, polycystic ovary syndrome, metabolic syndrome and many others.
Now that you know the difference between overweight and obese, Follow the link if you would like to read more about Obesity in America.
What Makes You Overweight Or Obese?
There are many factors that play a vital role in affecting your weight. However energy imbalance is the most basic cause. You take in too many calories and ultimately don’t burn enough during your day. Managing your weight is all about balancing your calorie count. Once you balance the calories you intake versus the calories burned off each day, you would be quite close to your ideal weight. Also calories are everywhere: carbohydrates, fats, sugars and proteins.
There are many tests available in the market to determine if you’re overweight or obese. But measuring the exact amount of a person’s body fat is not easy. Some tests are more accurate than others.
Some tests to diagnose if you are overweight or obese
Hydrostatic body fat test
This is the most accurate test for assessing body fat. The doctors submerge you in the water while they record your underwater weight. Earlier it was done at research and academic centers, however now one can get it done at mobile units.
Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)
Again an accurate test. The person is asked to lay flat for 20-30 minutes while the doctors systematically X-ray all the sections of his body in a CT scanner.
Doctors have also developed easier methods to determine if a person is overweight or obese. These include:
A caliper measures the amount of body fat on different parts of the body. Special computations provide the percentage of body fat based on the various measurements of skinfold thickness. It’s quite useful and can easily confirm if you are overweight or obese
Bioelectrical Impedance, or BIA
This technique uses a machine that sends harmless and painless electricity through a person’s body to measure each of the different kinds of tissue in the body. These include the muscle amount, lean tissue amount , fat and water amount in the body. The more fat a person has, the electrical signal faces more resistance. It can also clarify if you are overweight or obese
The most easy method these days. To get your ideal weight, you find your height on the chart, decide if you are thick, medium, or thin framed and then you can find the range of your ideal weights separate for males and females. However, this technique is not always accurate and can sometime mislead regarding being overweight and obese.
Body mass index
The BMI is now the most widely used tool used to measure obesity. It measures your weight relative to your height. The ideal range is 18.5-24.9.Hence it clarifies if you are overweight or obese. A person with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered to be overweight and a BMI 30 to 39.9 indicates obesity and a BMI 40 and above indicates morbid obesity.
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