What exactly is diabetes?
Please find below some facts and information regarding diabetes :
Diabetes has been derived from Greek, meaning a ”siphon”. Aretus , a Greek physician during the second century A.D., named the condition diabainein. He described patients who passes too much urine (polyuria) like a siphon. It alter became “diabetes” from the English adoption of the Medieval Latin diabetes.
In 1675, Thomas Willis added mellitus to the word “diabetes”. Although we commonly refer to it as diabetes . Mel in Latin, means “honey”; the urine and blood of people with diabetes has excess glucose, and glucose is sweet like honey. Diabetes mellitus literally means “siphoning of sweet water”. In ancient China people observed that ants would be attracted to some people’s urine. Because it was sweet. The term “Sweet Urine Disease” was coined.
Types of Diabetes (facts and information regarding diabetes )
There are three types of diabetes:
1) Type 1 diabetes
Under Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin production becomes inadequate for the control of blood glucose levels due to the gradual destruction of beta cells in the pancreas. This destruction progresses without notice over time until the mass of these cells decreases to the extent that the amount of insulin produced is insufficient.
Many people refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes or early onset diabetes. People usually develop Type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years.
Type 1 diabetes is nowhere near as common as type 2 diabetes. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.
Patients with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They also need to ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Between 2001 and 2009, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes among the under 20s in the USA rose 23%, according to SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth data issued by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).
2) Type 2 diabetes
The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).
Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are type 2.
Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease – it gradually gets worse – and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form. facts and information regarding diabetes
Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight. People with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk. Being overweight/obese causes the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems.
Being overweight, physically inactive and eating the wrong foods all contribute to our risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Drinking just one can of (non-diet) soda per day can raise our risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%, researchers from Imperial College London reported in the journal Diabetologia. The scientists believe that the impact of sugary soft drinks on diabetes risk may be a direct one, rather than simply an influence on body weight. facts and information regarding diabetes
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is also greater as we get older. Experts are not completely sure why, but say that as we age we tend to put on weight and become less physically active. Those with a close relative who had/had type 2 diabetes, people of Middle Eastern, African, or South Asian descent also have a higher risk of developing the disease.
Men whose testosterone levels are low have been found to have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Researchers from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, say that low testosterone levels are linked to insulin resistance.
3) Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes affects females during pregnancy. Some women have a lot of glucose in their blood and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose in their cells. This in turn results in progressively rising of glucose.
Doctors can diagnose gestational diabetes at the time of pregnancy.
A majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with some exercise and proper diet. Around 10% to 20% of them will need to take some kind of blood glucose control medications. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth. The baby may be bigger than he/she should be.
Scientists from the National Institutes of Health and Harvard University found that women whose diets before getting pregnant were high in animal fat and cholesterol had a higher risk of gestational diabetes compared to their counterparts whose diets were low in cholesterol and animal fats.